Local Government Administration in Nigeria
Nigeria’s executive arm is comprised of 3-tiers of government. They include the Federal, State and Local Government. Nigeria is currently made up of 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory and a total of 774 Local Government Areas. The Federal, State and Local Governments are all ruled by officials elected in elections which are conducted by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC). The reason for the 3-tiers of government is because Nigeria practices a decentralized from of government whereby power is devolved from the center to governments at the state and local levels for effective governance and enhanced national development. National development entails having functioning infrastructures which contributes positively to the socio-economic development of the people living in a nation. It is very difficult for a central government to run a whole country especially if the country covers a very large expanse of land.
Devolving power to governments governing over smaller areas helps the people in that area to feel the impact of the government more easily as compared to when there is just a central government. The Local Government Areas in Nigeria are governed by Local Government Chairmen and are further divided into wards which are presided over by councilors. The Local Government Areas in Nigeria have however, not been very effective due to the fact that they are very much dependent on the state government. The major challenge bedeviling the operations of Local Government Area in Nigeria is Local Government Autonomy as Local Government Areas in Nigeria are not truly autonomous.